On a daily basis we have taken for granted logging in to the
internet without bothering to ask ourselves where websites come from.
A website is a collection of related network web resources such as web pages, multimedia content, which are typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server. Examples are wikipedia.org, google.com and amazon.com.
Websites can be accessed through a public Internet Protocol (IP) network or private Local Area Network (LAN) by a uniform resource locator (URL) that identifies the site. A lot of us are browsing the internet regularly without the knowledge of where websites come from.
The World Wide Web (WWW) was created in 1990 by the British CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee. On 30 April 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to use for anyone.
Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP, other protocols such as File Transfer Protocol and the gopher protocol were used to retrieve individual files from a server. These protocols offer a simple directory structure which the user navigates and where they choose files to download.
Websites can be used for multiple reasons such as a personal website, a corporate website for a company, a government website and the organization website. In this digital age websites have become important for business as customers now have access to the internet and can order and buy online saving them time instead of purchasing directly at the store.
A website has transformed multiple businesses in South Africa making it convenient for both businesses and consumers to interact with one another. The web gives a business the opportunity to expose their business globally therefore allowing for a business to have a new market that will generate revenue to the company.